Most of us already know that without water, we would not be able to survive. More than 40,000 people die from drinking contaminated water and unsafe living conditions? Organizations like Clear Water Carbon Fund help create sustainable infrastructures to help maintain clean water.
Here are five facts about water that most people don’t know.
1. Water is scarce in developing countries
In most developing countries, women and children are forced to spend their time collecting water rather than generating income, attending school or caring for their family. Approximately 2.8 billion people live in areas affected by water shortage. Water scarcity affects not only agricultural productivity but also human health, the growth of commercial and industrial sections as well.
2. More people have access to wireless technology than toilets
Due to the lack of proper sanitary conditions, tons of untreated waste ends up in water sources. The quality of water will become contaminated – ultimately causing death and disease.
3. China, Mexico, and the US are the top bottled water consumers
The US alone drinks an average of 200 bottles of water a year. Almost 18 million barrels of oil are needed to develop those water bottles – approximately 85% of which never gets recycled.
4. Agriculture uses the most water resources
More than 70% of the world’s water source goes to the agricultural sector. In some developing countries, farmers used almost 90% of water. Although water covers more than 75% of the only 3% is fresh.
5. Climate change is predicted to affect water resources
An anticipated variation of rainfall and temperature will affect water availability and increase the severity of droughts and floods. Climate change will also disrupt the ecosystems that maintain water supply.
We need more technological innovations to reduce water scarcity. With the brutal realities of water shortage around the world, more and more people must commit to ensuring clean water for a sustainable future.